# Pile Cap Reinforcement Detailing

Reinforcement Requirement and Detailing of Bored Piles Section 9. Transmission Tower Reinforced Concrete Pile Cap Foundation The purpose of a transmission line tower is to support conductors carrying electrical power and one or two ground wires at suitable distances above the ground level and from each other. The pile cap has normal-weight concrete with a compressive strength of 4000 psi and Grade 60 reinforcement. P brg_pile = u 0. Pile Cap (supported by number of piles) Bar Bending Schedule for Pile Foundation Reinforcement We have omitted the pile cap part since is a simple rectangular concrete slab which can be calculated by rectangular volume formula (L X B X h). Detail drawing (sections and plans) shows the size, quantity and location of concrete reinforcing bars, pile spacing, edge distance and pile cap thickness. Reinforcement of pile cap shall be lapped with the reinforcement of pile. Affix the tension reinforcement with a large radius bend 2. 1: Typical configuration of reinforcement in a deep mat foundation Fig. It is divided into three parts: one addressed to the A/E, one for the detailer, and a third. There are four types (shapes) of main reinforcement: - this reinforcement type is available for a pile cap for two piles. The piles are also checked for interaction in the soil considering the. Abstract: Foundations supporting pipe racks and open frame structures used in the petrochemical industry are often subjected. Rigid abutment with a joint between the bridge deck and the. Pile Caps Typical detail Plan: Figure 38: Pile Cap Typical Detail Plan Figure 39: Pile Cap Typical Section with Pile Lapping Reinforcement 37. Johnston Vasant C. This CAD file can be used in your structural design CAD drawings. Structural design of reinforced concrete pile caps A. Author(s): Tadeusz Granosik. 525 ffl - 0. Cover blocks of same grade of concrete in which these are to be embedded shall be provided at spacing of about 2. The contains comprehensive technical. PennDOT DM-4 reinforcement detail was hardly effective in controlling crack growing. Individual piles connected to a pier cap (below L), or Individual piles within a solid wall encasement (Below R) Pile Supported Footing Piers: Footing at base of pier stem with multiple rows of piles Battered and vertical rows of piles may be present. Fig 3: Pile cap type 1. reinforced ground beams & slabs At Belowground Ltd, we offer a comprehensive range of reinforced ground beams, slabs and pile caps. P brg_pile = u 0. You can also read Design of Pile Cap According to Eurocode 2. Section 10. Pile Cap Design Spreadsheet to BS 8110:1997 Pilecap Design is a spreadsheet for the design and detailing of reinforced concrete pilecaps. It generally develops part of the foundation of a building, specifically a multi-story building, structure or support base for heavy equipment. (a) Pile cap design by beam method gives a very lower value of pile cap depth which generally cannot be used practically. The MSE provides lateral support for the approach roadway embankment. Overall depth of pile cap Overall dimension of a rectangular pile Overall diameter of a circular pile Effective depth of tensile reinforcement in a rectangular pile in Il-direction Unfactored horizontal load on a single circular pile Unfactored combined horizontal loads on pile cap in x-direction Unfactored combined horizontal loads on pile cap. T Rangrajan at SEFINDIA. Multiple cross section detailing reinforcement placement and anchorage of piles into the foundation pile cap as well as a circular section pile cap rein…. The work is not yet completed, but the background to it is explained here. This Pile Cap calculation for both Eurocode and USA, checks the design of pile caps supporting a single column with up to 9 piles. This is a standard Pile with Pile cap provided by Revit and the cut off is working as intended even in the project environment without using unjoin geometry tools. A pile cap is a thick concrete mat that rests on concrete or timber piles that have been driven into soft or unstable ground to provide a suitable stable foundation. Additional flexural reinforcement may be required at heavily loaded or closely spaced columns or where substructure support conditions Detailing Corner Fig. How To Make BBS Of Pile Cap. The specified location of the reinforcement shall equal or exceed the effective depth distance, d, noted in Tables 1807. This is commonly used in building foundations with the geographical locations having a very low soil bearing capacity. attained a minimum flexural strength of 650 psi or a minimum Sheet piling shall not be driven until the concrete strength has pile wall shall be in. 5 of ACI 318 prescribes the minimum reinforcement for flexural members where tensile reinforcement is required by analysis. Pile size (mm) 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 750 Cap depth (mm) 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1400 1800. , Pedapenki D. Rebar cages will be considered from two perspectives in this manual: (1) geometry of the steel necessary to resist stresses that develop because of loads applied to the drilled shaft, which is addressed in Chapter 16, and (2) the characteristics of the cage from the. In the following chapter we learn about, classifications, functions and pros and cons of piles. The piles used for Pacific Park Plaza have a "pinned' connection. Symons sleeve. a) Details of footing, foundation ( Pile & Raft) b) Draw & detailing of centre line & layout drawing & also various sections of beams, columns, slabs, Retaining wall, Buttress, concrete wall & all structural details as per reinforcement schedule given c) Draw & detailing Pile & Pile cap d) Detailing of tie beam e) Draw all levels of Water container. Thermal Cracking of Concrete Pile Caps. The following are details and dimensions for the plan view of a typical pile cap bent on the front sheet of the bridge plans. 1 (3) Foundations: the minimum diameter of reinforcement bars in pile caps Φ min; 9. The reinforcement for the piles shall be according to the requirement of the specification and the design of the pile. Shrinkage and swelling of clay. The analysis is related to the confinement behavior of the concrete section of pile using the low amount of spiral reinforcement. Volume 2, 1974 - Issue 1. Abstract: Foundations supporting pipe racks and open frame structures used in the petrochemical industry are often subjected. into the cap. 1 Minimum Clear Cover and Clear Spacing Practices for detailing a variety of reinforced concrete elements are presented in this section. The fixity of pile head into pile cap, instead of pinning into pile cap, enhances higher lateral stiffness of the pile groups. 49 m) long piles were fabricated simultaneously in the 40 ft (12. Thickness of pile cap = 2φ + 100 = 2(600) + 100 = 1300 mm The layout of the pile cap is therefore given as shown in Figure 3. Assume a pile cap of 3'6" depth, the top of pile is at 6" above bottom of pile cap and the reinforcement is at 2" above top of pile, the effective depth is d = 34 in Since the effective depth d is less than 4 ft, check direct shear in the longitudinal direction. Typically diameters of 1. Casias Edward S. 7-m (12-by 12-ft) square pile cap with a thickness of 0. These proposed models were analysed using the DIANA finite element analysis package. The RSB500 & RSB600 models are. • Moments are calculated. These include the behaviour of pile caps. 1 Ultimate and Serviceability Limit states The ultimate and serviceability limit states used in the Code carry the normal meaning as in other codes such as BS8110. It Exhaustively Covers The First Course On The Subject At B. Detail drawing (sections and plans) shows the size, quantity and location of concrete reinforcing bars, pile spacing, edge distance and pile cap thickness. Reinforcement projects from the top of the pile to form a strong connection with a pile cap or ground beam. The reinforcement for the piles shall be according to the requirement of the specification and the design of the pile. The design of the piles was further optimised by the use of a lightweight embankment fill which allowed the pile spacing to be opened up. more conservative, particularly pile-to-pile cap connections. Concrete vs. Steel, concrete, or timber piles can be analyzed for compressive and tensile axial loads and lateral loads. a) Details of footing, foundation ( Pile & Raft) b) Draw & detailing of centre line & layout drawing & also various sections of beams, columns, slabs, Retaining wall, Buttress, concrete wall & all structural details as per reinforcement schedule given c) Draw & detailing Pile & Pile cap d) Detailing of tie beam e) Draw all levels of Water container. The document has moved here. After selection of a pile cap type, the program offers a range of reinforcement solutions with the optimum offered as default. The axial loads on the column are due to dead and live loads and. 3(4) and shall be measured from the face of the exterior (soil) side of the wall to the center of the vertical reinforcement. minimum distanceto reinforcement30mm reinforcement bars cross section overlap and clip placement the reverse of the waterbar clip is tied to the slab/wall reinforcement using metal wire clip is fitted onto the overlapping join approximately one half of the metal waterstop shall be tied into the base slab (at least 30mm) 30 min. This is commonly used in building foundations with the geographical locations having a very low soil bearing capacity. Published online: 15 Apr 2008. Precast concrete panels are erected first, followed by the placement and compaction of a layer of backfill. Permanent way:. Published online: 15 Apr 2008. main parts of this research to explain the outcomes of this study. Rationalisation of design with grouping can also be easily performed. Merencankan Struktur bawah bangunan dengan menggunakan pondasi Bore Pile merupakan alternatif, apabila dalam pelaksanaan pekerjaan pembangunan. A reinforced pile cap transfers load from a column, or an entire pier or abutment, into a pile group. ) Most bridge floor slabs are constructed as reinforced concrete. Consider f y =60 Ksi and f' C =3 Ksi. Multiple cross section detailing reinforcement placement and anchorage of piles into the foundation pile cap as well as a circular section pile cap reinforcement example. Even so STM gives a better insight to structural behaviour of pile caps especially when they are deep. Design the pile cap shown in the following figure with 12 in. This minimizes the plan area and thus the cost, while providing sufficient length to: Anchor the tension reinforcement with a large radius bend. Also included are suggested details intended to. This drawing of RC pile caps gives examples of footing piles with positioning layout plan views examples in relation to the supported column and its' footing pile cap. They may also be used as a support for a railing or safety barrier. ** elevation plan end view cap type detail structure sym. Erlemann Robert W. Thermal Cracking of Concrete Pile Caps. 5 shows the typical level of detailing required for this type of pile. 1 Ultimate and Serviceability Limit states The ultimate and serviceability limit states used in the Code carry the normal meaning as in other codes such as BS8110. The boring process for the secondary pile shall only commence upon initial set of the primary piles. This Pin was discovered by structuraldetails store. 05 Revit shop drawing Reinforcement Pilecap with Column Pile cap Rebar - Duration: 40:43. Minimum reinforcement for cap, backwall, and wing wall reinforcing needs is shown in the Bridge Detailing Guide. 4 Precast (non-prestressed) concrete piles. Vertical ground anchors (tie-downs) are also classified as deep foundations. Column size may be different in many cases but the punching shear value cannot be separated from STM approach. Piles adjacent to a foundation wall Piles must also be placed within 1. REINFORCEMENT 13. It can be assumed that the spiral reinforcement will serve as the transverse or lateral reinforcement required by the codes. Such factors as pile capacities, pile lengths, driving conditions, and pile prices are discussed. The minimum effective section modulus of the permanent sheet Notes: 6 " 2 ½ " Depth + 3. And the Reynolds chart gives an empirical formula about pile cap depth which is uneconomical in some cases. But the use of reinforcement to resist shear force is increasingly implemented in recent years, with lesser pile cap depths. Reinforcement Estimates Typical average weight of reinforcement (kg/m3) in concrete building elements. piling layout similar. Pile cap and pile cap designs. Pile Cap Design • Automated pile arrangement calculated according to BOCA standard • Provision to include manual pile arrangement • Display of individual pile reaction • Design pile caps as per ACI-02 Slab on Grade Design • Reinforcement layout grid can be set up along the actual reinforcement direction. Details and Detailing of Concrete Reinforcement (ACI 315-99) Reported by ACI Committee 315 ACI 315-99 Ronald D. 301 Manchester Road, Poughkeepsie, NY 12603. This is commonly used in building foundations with the geographical locations having a very low soil bearing capacity. 34" plywood cut to fit pile profile. 3(4) and shall be measured from the face of the exterior (soil) side of the wall to the center of the vertical reinforcement. T1 T1 T2 STM Second Approach Pile Reaction Pile Reaction Pile ReactionPile Reaction Column LoadColumn Load Pile Cap Effective Depth 16. Pile is a slender compression member driven into o. minimum distanceto reinforcement30mm reinforcement bars cross section overlap and clip placement the reverse of the waterbar clip is tied to the slab/wall reinforcement using metal wire clip is fitted onto the overlapping join approximately one half of the metal waterstop shall be tied into the base slab (at least 30mm) 30 min. Below is the placement of reinforcement in Shear Walls. into the pile cap. #N#Reinforced concrete (depth above bottom reinforcement) Resting on soil. 82 Mat Slab $2,079,756. 1 (3) Foundations: the minimum diameter of reinforcement bars in pile caps Φ min; 9. 6 m, column working load = 2000 KN Pile diameter = 0. For a 2-pile group pile cap; there is no flexural stress in the short direction at the bottom of 2-pile cap. Summary Cost Comparison Category Cost Category Cost Piles $1,250,000 Geopiers $618,300 Slab on Grade & Pile Caps $941,552. Mark the type of pile cap suited in foundation to get ready for the pile cap modeling. 96 MN Pile 3 R m = 1. The Guide was authored by Dr. Structural detail (cad block) of a pile cap (pile footing) for four piles (4-pile system, square pile cap) for the support of a reinforced concrete column. These piles are made from steel, concrete, and timber. Pile foundation is a common type of deep foundation, used for supporting heavy loaded structures when the site under consideration have a very weak soil that is compressible in nature. reinforcement will be enough for thee for the designing of the pile cap which will cover the or which will act as a capacity of this pile cap to resist the applied loads so that’s all you can analyze and design the pile cap in the. Free-standing Abutment. Design Parameters Of Pile Caps: 1- Shape of the pile cap. Design the pile cap shown in the following figure with 12 in. Do I need to do any further if it is showing "only minimum steel is require"? Which results I mainly need to mention in Report to show my whole pile and pile cap design is safe? concrete take off don't show steel reinforcement and how can I see reinforcement detail of concrete slab?. Moment arm used in case of lateral loads is (Pedestal height + Pile cap thickness). Rebar cages will be considered from two perspectives in this manual: (1) geometry of the steel necessary to resist stresses that develop because of loads applied to the drilled shaft, which is addressed in Chapter 16, and (2) the characteristics of the cage from the. PITCH—Center-to-center spacing between turns of a spiral. January 2017 5 Pile Foundation Construction Inspection. The slenderness ratio of steel piles is the ratio of the unsupported length (1. 1 The main purpose of this design guide is to provide state-of-the-art, practical procedures that engineers. analogy: Compression - resisted by concrete Additional bursting forces are resisted by horizontal reinforcement in the sides of the pile cap. Design Guide for Pile Caps Timothy Mays. Piles can be batter to improve the lateral load capacity of the piles group. van de Graaf viii calculating the pile loading and reinforcement stresses for pile caps on irregularly positioned foundation piles. The connection detail between the pile and pier was constructed like that for a pile cap; the pile was. The strut-and-tie model for a pile cap supported by two piles is depicted in Figure3. Problems with movement of these shims required a change to friction collars at the exterior. are simply placed within the pile cap forms and the pile cap concrete is placed around them. After defining the pile cap geometry and reinforcement, it is possible to save these settings by specifying a name in the Template field and clicking the Save button (Note: a template is saved in a selected group and a selected project). Pile length is 4 times its width. Clark (1983)). In the following chapter we learn about, classifications, functions and pros and cons of piles. No check for shear is required to be carried out for pile caps designed and detailed according to STM methods. Pile Cap Design Excel Sheet It usually forms part of the foundation of a building, typically a multi-story building, structure or support base for heavy equipment. A comparison of costs. Therefore, a parametric python script has been set up, which will be used to automatically determine the reinforcement design for a pile cap. This provides savings with reduced excavation, concrete and reinforcement when compared to conventional pile cap schemes. Pile Details Two 18 in. 49 m) long piles were fabricated simultaneously in the 40 ft (12. commonwealth of pennsylvania department of transportation standard reinforced concrete piers multi-column bent column details bd-629m a b c a c b a d a b c a c a d b d d sheet of 3 15 chief bridge engineer recommended recommended greater of: max. Volume: 39. 8 Development of reinforcement in shallow foundations and pile caps 13. Rationalisation of design with grouping can also be easily performed. You can also read Design of Pile Cap According to Eurocode 2. Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, vol 11. These piles are made from steel, concrete, and timber. Devalraju M. Register for Member Meetings. It is an alternate method of pile cap lowering technique for the construction of deep-water pile caps and piers. Main advantages of pile foundation are high load capacities and corrosion resistance. Pile Details Two 18 in. It consists of a reinforced concrete beam that transmits the load from a bearing wall into spaced foundations such as pile caps or caissons. External pressures on a pile are likely to be greatest near the ground surface. 3 (1) Walls: the minimum area of horizontal reinforcement A s,hmin; 9. Foundation using precast concrete pile Features of Daido Pile: • Hollow section to reduce weight (formed by spinning) • Maximum allowable loads up to 3000 kN per pile • Piles made of high strength concrete up to 75 MPa • Easy to connect by welding the embedded steel end plate to lengthen pile to reach required depth. As the length of the pile is restricted. If you are a human seeing this field, please. Frost attacks 4. The term "pile cap" may also refer to fiberglass or acrylic caps that are fitted onto the exposed ends of wooden piles particularly in marine applications. Design Review of Pile-to-pile Cap Connections. But the use of reinforcement to resist shear force is increasingly implemented in recent years, with lesser pile cap depths. Reinforcement of a continuous connecting beam Detailing and design of earthquake resistant buildings made of reinforced concrete. Trench Foundation Detail Drawings. Spread footings transfer loads into the rock or soil layer the footing is founded on. Pile reinforcement and steel pile anchor bars extending into a footing shall be hooked as required to provide clearance to top of footing. A good connection between micropile and pile cap. The most common reinforcement layouts in the tests are bunched square (the reinforcement is concentrated as bands over the piles) or grid reinforcement (uniform distributed mesh reinforcement). Mark the type of pile cap suited in foundation to get ready for the pile cap modeling. Do I need to do any further if it is showing "only minimum steel is require"? Which results I mainly need to mention in Report to show my whole pile and pile cap design is safe? concrete take off don't show steel reinforcement and how can I see reinforcement detail of concrete slab?. Horizontal Reinforcement. 9 kN Compression In Pile Cap - Suggested Additional Check Check compression diagonal as an unreinforced column, using a core equivalent to pile diameter Compressive force in. 0 m c/c to ensure uniform cover as specified in the drawing and tied together with GI binding wire. Comparative Study On Rc Pile Cap The sizes, reinforcement of pile cap for different grades concrete& steel are compared between optimized design and conventional design as given in Table 6. 1-1:2004 (E). What we know : Cover for the Pile cap : 40 mm. This design guide has been developed to provide the practicing engineer with a detailed overview of pile cap design, detailing, and analysis methodologies that represent the current state of practice in the industry. Brackets & Accessories IDEAL manufactures a wide range of stock and custom fabricated new construction and foundation remediation/repair brackets. 5 of EN 1992-1-1:2004 deals with the detailing requirements of bored piles. Reinforcement Accessories (DPM, Spacers, Shuttering, etc. The pile cap should overhang the outer piles by at least 150mm but should not be excessive, generally not more than the diameter of the pile diameter. To clearly understand the bar bending schedule of a pile foundation, it is necessary to be familiar about the typical reinforcement details of a pile foundation. 8% of the volume of concrete so if concrete is 1 cum then steel will be 1*0. pile cap rebar. 1 Requirements in Eurocode 2 52 4. 19 July 2019 • At water crossings - Pier scour depth, if known, and any potential for migration of. 1 Development of reinforcement: Chapter 25 13. Background Round Columns posted in April 2011 Piles posted in January 2012 Optional construction methods (Not mandatory) Based on Research Projects - 1748 "Development of a Precast Bent Cap System" - 4176 "Anchorage for Grouted Vertical-Duct Connectors in Precast Bent Cap Systems" Benefits - Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC). Click the Image for Low-Res Preview. RE: Top Layer of Reinforcement for a Pile Cap or Spread Footing TLHS (Structural) 15 Jul 15 02:24 I often work in areas where the short period mapped spectral acceleration is around or greater than one gravity. diameter piles and a service load capacity of 50 tons each. Foundations are of types like isolated footing, combined footing, strip footing, raft footing, pile foundations etc. These smaller diameter piles are especially advantageous in jobsites with low headroom, restricted access, or environmental sensitivity. Diffrent types of pile and the pile shoe cap design. Design and detailing requirements for pile caps can be found in Design Guide for Pile Caps and Design Guide for AASHTO Pile Caps. Beam A2 - B2 - C2 for the case 1 Reinforcement calculation Detailing BEAMS BEAM 2 - Case 1 BEAM B - Case 3 SLABS. ACI 318 Sec. Visqueen Pile Cap Sealer is a specialised formulation for use within ground pile caps. In fact, the primary aim of the side reinforcement is to control cracking. STM Final Truss Model Struts Ties • By repeating the truss in the second approach at all column-pile locations, we get the above 3D Strut and Tie Model. Detailing and design of earthquake resistant buildings made of reinforced concrete. 49 m) long piles were fabricated simultaneously in the 40 ft (12. Auger boring with pile construction. If you are a human seeing this field, please. Reinforcement Bar Schedule is prepared in a standard manner. 3- Amount of steel to be provided. Pile Caps Precast concrete Pile Caps are a superior solution to cast-in-place concrete caps, providing significant schedule acceleration for both bridge and fixed-pier structures. Cropping of these piles to the correct level will therefore be required. t, specified in Clause 23. Presentation on Detailing of reinforcement by Er. The river Halda is a tidal river and the average difference between maximum daily high and low tide is 4. Depending upon type of soil, pile material and load transmitting characteristic piles are classified accordingly. Additional flexural reinforcement may be required at heavily loaded or closely spaced columns or where substructure support conditions Detailing Corner Fig. Background Round Columns posted in April 2011 Piles posted in January 2012 Optional construction methods (Not mandatory) Based on Research Projects - 1748 "Development of a Precast Bent Cap System" - 4176 "Anchorage for Grouted Vertical-Duct Connectors in Precast Bent Cap Systems" Benefits - Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC). How To Make BBS Of Pile Cap. The problem which I felt is that when I see reinforcement of tie beam it shows me too much reinforcement like 30-#8 in top and around 20-#8 with beam size 18X72(Depth as per Pile Cap Thickness. Spiral pile reinforcement at splices. optional pile shell pile cap | pile and pier pile cap bending diagrams q% q % p401 2 '-0 " % p503 3'-5" q = t + 1'-4" legend: t = slab thickness. Vertical ground anchors (tie-downs) are also classified as deep foundations. Section 10. Pile cap details free dwg Download Link For more Autocad Free Drawings please visit Cadtemplates Website. STM Final Truss Model Struts Ties • By repeating the truss in the second approach at all column-pile locations, we get the above 3D Strut and Tie Model. The ultimate pile capacity=70 kip/pile and service load capacity=42 kip/pile as conformed by testing. This depends on a. d is the depth of the pile-cap; Pile Cap Reinforcement Detailing. 3 Discussion 65 5 DESIGN AND DETAILING FOR SHEAR 70. - The tensile load capacities of the foundation systems (all of which doubly and are symmetrically reinforced) are found to be only 54% of their compression load capacities. José Milton de Araújo* Engineering School, Federal University of Rio Grande. # scale: sizematerial date: 8 business parkway brunswick, me 207-725-4878 www. 3 The settled pile cap and Mega Pile. Concrete Reinforcement 15. Completed Corner Unit How BRC can help you Steel reinforced concrete foundations vary greatly due to the technical requirements of each project, all shapes and dimensions of ground beams, pile caps, lift shaft bases etc can be different. Abstract: Foundations supporting pipe racks and open frame structures used in the petrochemical industry are often subjected. The South Carolina Department of Transportation (hereinafter referred to as SCDOT) is committed to providing electronic access to the Bridge Design Memos. Total Cost $2,698,056. The pile head at cutoff elevation shall be within 50 mm of plan locations for bent caps supported by piles, and shall be within 150mm of plan locations for all piles capped below final grade. Appendix B - Column-to-Pile Cap Connections; Appendix C - Pile-to-Pile Cap Connections; This design guide has been developed to provide the practicing engineer with a detailed overview of pile cap design, detailing, and analysis methodologies that represent the current state of practice in the industry. Reinforcement Reinforcement cages shall only be installed into the primary pile as per the design requirement. Piles must have the capacity to take the applied shear that is generated by the lateral loads. The clauses and values for most detailing minima and maxima are given in Table 1 below:. However, at this time setup should not be used with timber, steel pipe, or prestressed concrete piles or with Iowa DOT ENR Formula construction control. Introduction. Some In EN 1992 [7], it is possible to use both procedures: reinforcement in a pile cap should be calculated either by using strut-and-tie or flexural methods is appropriate (Clause. A pile cap have to support a 18"X18" column which is subjected to live load=170 kips and dead load=160 kips under service loading. Prontubeam - Comprobar, calcular, revisartus cálculos comienzan. Select the pile caps to be auto-sized and then in the Properties Window choose to auto-design both the piles and depth; In this way the program will establish suitable pile cap dimensions for you. 2m for piers supported on 2. Design of Pad Footing Cracking & Detailing Requirements • All reinforcements should extend the full length of the footing • If >1. Required pile quantity and layout to satisfy loading applied to the footing and self weight of pile, based on bearing, uplift and lateral pile capacity. edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. And the piles are embedded 4 in. Thus I'm trying to create my own pile cap family. Table of Contents: Introduction Loads Pile Cap Behavior Dimensioning and Detailing Pile Caps Pile Cap Design for Gravity Loads Pile Cap Design for Lateral Loads Seismic Design of Pile Caps Design Examples Tabulated Designs Selected References Notation Tables Appendix A - Derivations and Proofs Appendix B - Column-to-Pile Cap Connections Appendix C - Pile-to-Pile Cap. Most of these connections involve grouting the pile into a void in the pier cap. The cost of furnishing and installing the bent ¢ sheet pile cap, compressive strength of 3500 psi. commonwealth of pennsylvania department of transportation standard sheet 1 of 9 (for contract drawings) 11. Diffrent types of pile and the pile shoe cap design. Pile Cap 2 included a 12 inch pile embedment length and the same rebar detail as Pile Cap 1. Presentation on Detailing of reinforcement by Er. Pile Cap Modeling and Design Parameters Assignment. The use of larger and stronger high load piling typically requires deeper pile caps with larger edge distances. Rationalisation of design with grouping can also be easily performed. A pile cap is a mass concrete structure contains more piles embeds in it. Steel integral caps are considered fracture critical including a two-stringer transverse cap system where each stringer is designed to carry all forces independently. Integral caps are used where finished grade limitations on the structure provide insufficient vertical clearance above the underpass. Author(s): Tadeusz Granosik. When beam reinforcement is to be designed assuming piles to take equal force, design for negative moment in the beam over the interior piles. 2 Calculated tensile or compressive forces in reinforcement at each section shall be developed on each side of that section. After defining the pile cap geometry and reinforcement, it is possible to save these settings by specifying a name in the Template field and clicking the Save button (Note: a template is saved in a selected group and a selected project). The second part of this project will determine whether the. 2 Reinforcement Details 5. The cast concrete pile cap distributes the load of the building into the piles. Clean surface by means of jet wash, grit blasting or scabbling. GB-13 Stepped Slab Detail. Author(s): Tadeusz Granosik. Bridge design memos will be issued periodically and it shall be the responsibility of the receiver of these files to keep them current with any updates. Pile size (mm) 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 750 Cap depth (mm) 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1400 1800. 5 shows the typical level of detailing required for this type of pile. Meet the tolerances of the construction. Browse journals by subject. Steel shell cast in place piling shall be 12" O. (2) An analysis of the frequency dependent impedance characteristics of the foundation system under cyclic loading, in the form of a foundation stiffness matrix. Casias Edward S. The most common reinforcement layouts in the tests are bunched square (the reinforcement is concentrated as bands over the piles) or grid reinforcement (uniform distributed mesh reinforcement). The slenderness ratio of steel piles is the ratio of the unsupported length (1. Testing pile caps for reinforcement detailing. 08fc’Ag) and 80 tons (0. Such factors as pile capacities, pile lengths, driving conditions, and pile prices are discussed. The concrete is then poured and left to cure, after which the. P brg_pile = u 0. Some states use reinforcing in this connection. A reinforcement cage is then built and positioned in the formwork cast box and fastened to the piles. As is the provided area of tensile reinforcement. 5, where a reinforced concrete beam is cast-in-place and used as a bent cap supported by piles, the concrete cover at the sides of the piles shall be greater than 6. No dowels or confinement reinforcement beyond that provided by the cast-in-placepile cap are provided. Pile Cap Design Spreadsheet to BS 8110:1997 Pilecap Design is a spreadsheet for the design and detailing of reinforced concrete pilecaps. The second part is. Cutting length for…. Figure 10: Simplified detailing rules for slabs. FEBRUARY 2019 LRFD BRIDGE DESIGN 5-6 5. The term "pile cap" may also refer to fiberglass or acrylic caps that are fitted onto the exposed ends of wooden piles particularly in marine applications. The IDEAL team is often called on to design and fabricate brackets to exact client specifications. Do I need to do any further if it is showing "only minimum steel is require"? Which results I mainly need to mention in Report to show my whole pile and pile cap design is safe? concrete take off don't show steel reinforcement and how can I see reinforcement detail of concrete slab?. 05 Revit shop drawing Reinforcement Pilecap with Column Pile cap Rebar - Duration: 40:43. Additional flexural reinforcement may be required at heavily loaded or closely spaced columns or where substructure support conditions Detailing Corner Fig. 5 may be used as a guide when there are up to six piles in the pile group. Bottom wall as a pile cap • The type of materials needed for the abutment are concrete (50MPa), reinforced steel bars, and bearings. Do I have to calculate the transverse reinforcement necessary to confine the longitudinal bars and make them fully effective? Or do I have to consider a reduction using some spread angle from edge of support? For example, in the design of a pile cap with wide pile spacing, using Eurocode or British standard. Problems with movement of these shims required a change to friction collars at the exterior. Beam A2 - B2 - C2 for the case 1 Reinforcement calculation Detailing BEAMS BEAM 2 - Case 1 BEAM B - Case 3 SLABS. But in STM approach punching shear cannot be checked directly. Lateral load analysis is for short rigid piles only. However, the application of current international design practice results in pile cap joint details having congested steel reinforcement in the pile cap and this is extremely difficult to construct in accordance with the designers recommendations. 2 m) prestressing bed located in. Meet the tolerances of the construction. Tying Detail 2 Pile Cap fully encapsulated. REINFORCEMENT - a pile cap for one pile or two piles The upper part of the dialog includes parameters of main reinforcement in a pile cap. Tables and formulas for the. PILE TIP DETAIL 60^ þÿ PILE SPLICE DETAIL Causes for Rejection: Any damage to pile or presence of water in pile after driving or other causes of rejection as given in the specifications shall be causes for rejection of the pile. A cross section showing the main reinforcement, link bar arrangement and the position of any pile reinforcement projecting into the foundation for each pile cap type. I created pile cap family and piling family (nested family to load into pile cap family). The contains comprehensive technical. Design Guide for Pile Caps. As part of an experimental programme to determine the optimum detailing of reinforcement for concrete, a number of complex situations are being investigated, as previously described in 'Building Research and Practice'. It is found that the experimental loads were higher than the design theoretical loads by (180-220)%. Pile Cap Design • Automated pile arrangement calculated according to BOCA standard • Provision to include manual pile arrangement • Display of individual pile reaction • Design pile caps as per ACI-02 Slab on Grade Design • Reinforcement layout grid can be set up along the actual reinforcement direction. The first part of the result outcome is the detail drawing of the pile cap with include the dimension of pile cap, number of main reinforcement needed for the pile cap including the bar spacing and spacing between the piles. to pile caps. Thickness of pile cap = 2φ + 100 = 2(600) + 100 = 1300 mm The layout of the pile cap is therefore given as shown in Figure 3. Typical shaft reinforcement and casing details are shown on the attached drawing. The fixity of pile head into pile cap, instead of pinning into pile cap, enhances higher lateral stiffness of the pile groups. (updated 07/10/13) Memorandums of Issued/Revised Standards. After selection of a pile cap type, the program offers a range of reinforcement solutions with the optimum offered as default. The pile cap has normal-weight concrete with a compressive strength of 4000 psi and Grade 60 reinforcement. Definitions. However, experimental studies show that although the pile-to-pile-cap connection is designed as a pinned connection following the current design standard, it can sustain a significant amount. , 40’ long pile was selected, with a bearing capacity of 85 tons; see Figure 3: Existing Steel Structural System Foundation Plan. general anchor wall design methodology reinforcement bar fabrication. 0 x (10/100) x 103 = 120mm • From the load-settlement graphs for each pile this gives: Pile 1 R m = 2. detail bars adjacent to each pile location, on one side only. Keywords: compression, force, load, column. Post insertion of pile in ground it is not possible to increase the depth of pile. Pile Cap Design Spreadsheet to BS 8110:1997 Pilecap Design is a spreadsheet for the design and detailing of reinforced concrete pilecaps. Six pile-pile cap connections are modelled incorporating the improved material properties as well as detailing of reinforcement. wooden piles. SAS Stressteel offers various Hollow Bar or solid Thread Bar sizes for micropile reinforcement, most commonly Grade 75/80 (#11 - #28). Devalraju M. Reinforcement of piles will have development length inside the pile cap for carrying uplift/tension, compression, shear and bending moment at connection between pile to pile cap. ACI (American Concrete Institute). Generally, pile caps can get rather thick due to the. SECTION 11: A, PIERS, A RETA WA 11-2 2020. Details included column lap splice. What we know : Cover for the Pile cap : 40 mm. How a pile supports its load by Abbott, Hunley, 1881- [from old catalog]. Pile Cap Design Spreadsheet to BS 8110:1997 Pilecap Design is a spreadsheet for the design and detailing of reinforced concrete pilecaps. The number of reinforcement positions and locations for the defined pile cap in a drawing should be defined; together with a drawing of a pile cap. 14 MN Pile 2 R m = 1 96 MN= 1. A reinforcement table compliant with the settings specifed in the Job preferences dialog is inserted. Below is the placement of reinforcement in Shear Walls. It relies on the strut and tie method to determine the amount of reinforcement required in the pile-cap; which is dependent upon the depth of the cap, the magnitude of the axial load being placed upon it, the cap's concrete strength and the pile size and spacing. Details and Detailing of Concrete Reinforcement (ACI 315-99) Reported by ACI Committee 315 ACI 315-99 Ronald D. Hoffman Peter Meza Robert E. Trench Foundation Detail Drawings. Pile size (mm) 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 750 Cap depth (mm) 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1400 1800. Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinterest. into the pile cap. The pile tops may be trimmed to ensure they are at the same height. Chapter 12 - Abutments January 2020 12-8 12. This Book Systematically Explains The Basic Principles And Techniques Involved In The Design Of Reinforced Concrete Structures. The shear resistance of the pile-cap is defined as: VRd,c =0. The caps were lowered onto the piles so that the looped ends of the connection reinforcement projected 2 feet into the precast voids. Such piles are normally referred as pinned-head piles in practice. expansion joints and bearings at supports, simplified construction, and reduced maintenance costs. Do I have to calculate the transverse reinforcement necessary to confine the longitudinal bars and make them fully effective? Or do I have to consider a reduction using some spread angle from edge of support? For example, in the design of a pile cap with wide pile spacing, using Eurocode or British standard. E, “Concrete Handling and Placing,” where site construction conditions allow. ASDIP RETAIN calculates the moments based on the pile reactions and assuming a uniformly distributed load. 28 percent for the longitu dinal and transverse_ steel, respectively, and the column reinforcing ratio selected was 2. Beam A2 - B2 - C2 for the case 1 Reinforcement calculation Detailing BEAMS BEAM 2 - Case 1 BEAM B - Case 3 SLABS. Similarly, the reinforcement can be set to be auto-designed in the same manner. Diffrent types of pile and the pile shoe cap design. Read 420 times. 14 MN Pile 2 R m = 1 96 MN= 1. pile cap type 1 section a-a a a 300 300 300 300 50 blinding proj'n 50 blinding proj'n 300 300 reinforcement weight = 75 kg each reinforcement weight = 150 kg each 450 wide x 400 deep ground beam base size and type 4 h8 legs @ 200 ctrs. Moments are also being considered for lateral loads applied at top of pile cap. The first part is the detail drawing of the pile cap which includes the dimension of pile cap, the number of the main reinforcement needed for the pile cap including the bar spacing and spacing between the piles. pile-to-cap connection detail with respect to the reinforcement connection and pile embedment length. Concrete pile foundation construction file detail concrete foundation pile foundation. 50 Proposed System, Cost Addition = $506,504 ( + 23. Determine the suitable number of pile and size of pile cap. The use of large diameter piles suited the interface with the circular piers. for pile caps with 2-9 piles supporting circular or rectangular columns. For a 2-pile group pile cap; there is no flexural stress in the short direction at the bottom of 2-pile cap. Compare the PDF file with the DGN file for validation on correct fonts displayed in MicroStation. , Pedapenki D. Volume: 39. ) d i a m ete r. & Cross-Section of Road. The anchorage length of the tension reinforcement is dependent on the bond conditions between the concrete and the steel. The pile used is 500mm diameter reinforced concrete bored pile with service load capacity of 1800kN. Nov 27, 2017 - This drawing of RC pile caps gives examples of footing piles with positioning layout plan views examples in relation to the supported column and its' footing pile cap. pile-to-cap connection detail with respect to the reinforcement connection and pile embedment length. There are three models of Redeb bracket - the RSB500, RSB600 and RSB700. REINFORCEMENT 13. Pile Detailing May 14, 2004 This design memorandum summarizes the latest WSDOT-ADSC recommendations on design, detailing, construction of drilled shafts in wet or dry conditions, and cast-in-place concrete pile detailing. 4 kN Maximum tension within pile cap; F t = max(F t1, F t2, F t3, F t4) = 614. Table of Contents: Introduction Loads Pile Cap Behavior Dimensioning and Detailing Pile Caps Pile Cap Design for Gravity Loads Pile Cap Design for Lateral Loads Seismic Design of Pile Caps Design Examples Tabulated Designs Selected References Notation Tables Appendix A - Derivations and Proofs Appendix B - Column-to-Pile Cap Connections Appendix C - Pile-to-Pile Cap. P brg_pile = u 0. Hoffman Peter Meza Robert E. But the problem is it could not identified by the Revit extension for the Pile and pile cap reinforcement purpose. A group of pill drives into clay, soft, and loose soils to provide a strong, stable and suitable foundation. And there is a disadvantage of piles foundations also acids that can damage the. The piles are also checked for interaction in the soil considering the. 5 pile diameters shall be considered to constitute a tension member. In the following chapter we learn about, classifications, functions and pros and cons of piles. Two caps included a reinforced. 5 shows the typical level of detailing required for this type of pile. Standard specifications for concrete piles. STM Final Truss Model Struts Ties • By repeating the truss in the second approach at all column-pile locations, we get the above 3D Strut and Tie Model. The Guide was authored by Dr. Reinforcement projects from the top of the pile to form a strong connection with a pile cap or ground beam. Reinforcement of pile cap shall be lapped with the reinforcement of pile. Pile Cap Forces Maximum compression within pile cap; F c = max(F c1, F c2, F c3, F c4) = 1034. Instructional Materials Complementing FEMA P-751, Design Examples Pile/Pier Foundations Pile Stiffness:. Manual for Design and Detailing of Reinforced Concrete to the September 2013 Code of Practice for Structural Use of Concrete 2013 2. ENG/GP/MEM/PUR/15 Date: 20. 05 Revit shop drawing Reinforcement Pilecap with Column Pile cap Rebar - Duration: 40:43. PILE TIP DETAIL 60^ þÿ PILE SPLICE DETAIL Causes for Rejection: Any damage to pile or presence of water in pile after driving or other causes of rejection as given in the specifications shall be causes for rejection of the pile. Chapter 12 - Abutments January 2020 12-8 12. Rebar cages will be considered from two perspectives in this manual: (1) geometry of the steel necessary to resist stresses that develop because of loads applied to the drilled shaft, which is addressed in Chapter 16, and (2) the characteristics of the cage from the. Place the concrete according to Subsection 500. Reinforcement Bar Schedule is prepared in a standard manner. Moments are also being considered for lateral loads applied at top of pile cap. (updated 07/10/13) Memorandums of Issued/Revised Standards. Problems with movement of these shims required a change to friction collars at the exterior. main parts of this research to explain the outcomes of this study. 2 Historical Pile foundations have been used as load carrying and load transferring systems for many years. CRSI (Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute). 007 but density of steel is 7850 kg/ cum so 0. Tying Detail 2 Pile Cap fully encapsulated. Thickness of pile cap = 2φ + 100 = 2(600) + 100 = 1300 mm The layout of the pile cap is therefore given as shown in Figure 3. Pile Cap + 2. 5 Sizing of the pile cap. Four pile caps were constructed, each with two 40 foot-long steel pipe piles, and were tested with different connection details. Step 6: Manual air compressor breaker until pile cut off level. The pile foundation is a very deep foundation. Place the concrete according to Subsection 500. Prestressed Concrete Circular Hollow Pole/Pile Design Based on ACI 318-14 & AASHTO 17th 4 January 2018 Off Tags. It relies on the strut and tie method to determine the amount of reinforcement required in the pile-cap; which is dependent upon the depth of the cap, the magnitude of the axial load being placed upon it, the cap's concrete strength and the pile size and spacing. Latest Sheet Download Cost Estimation RCC Building Excel Sheet Design of pile cap foundation. van de Graaf Delft, December 2006 Delft University of Technology Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences Section Structural Mechanics Structural design of reinforced concrete pile caps The strut-and-tie method extended with the stringer-panel method. The behavior of these connections is of special concern in areas where seismic activity poses a threat to infrastructure. Pile Cap Forces Maximum compression within pile cap; F c = max(F c1, F c2, F c3, F c4) = 1034. & Cross-Section of Road. January 2017 5 Pile Foundation Construction Inspection. pile-to-cap connection detail with respect to the reinforcement connection and pile embedment length. Bridge design memos will be issued periodically and it shall be the responsibility of the receiver of these files to keep them current with any updates. The clauses and values for most detailing minima and maxima are given in Table 1 below:. The longitudinal reinforcement ratio for precast. Steel integral caps are considered fracture critical including a two-stringer transverse cap system where each stringer is designed to carry all forces independently. The term "pile cap" may also refer to fiberglass or acrylic caps that are fitted onto the exposed ends of wooden piles particularly in marine applications. expansion joints and bearings at supports, simplified construction, and reduced maintenance costs. Once the piles are complete the ground beam or pile caps can be cast. B) At the same time the auger is withdrawn from the hole, concrete or a sand/cement grout is placed by pumping the concrete/grout mix through the hollow center of the auger pipe to the base of. Column size may be different in many cases but the punching shear value cannot be separated from STM approach. Resource Materials. 2 Calculated tensile or compressive forces in reinforcement at each section shall be developed on each side of that section. 3½ feet on centers. 2 Explanation and derivation 53 4. No dowels or confinement reinforcement beyond that provided by the cast-in-placepile cap are provided. Following completion of the piling works we can carry out installation of reinforced concrete beams, pads and slabs to link the piles together and provide a platform for further superstructure construction. Cast-in-situ piles. Pile cap reinforcement (76). The river Halda is a tidal river and the average difference between maximum daily high and low tide is 4. Since no formal design procedure currently exists for determining the required amount. Reinforcement is prone to corrosion and fire for atmospheric conditions. tag: concrete footings, thickness of foundation, pile cap thickness, concrete foundation, concrete foundation. Title: Cordek VOC / Hydrocarbon Protection System. The pile cap has normal-weight concrete with a compressive strength of 4000 psi and Grade 60 reinforcement. Shear strength of pile cap (beam and punching shear) 2. Four pile caps were constructed, each with two 40 foot-long steel pipe piles,. In the following chapter we learn about, classifications, functions and pros and cons of piles. Structural analysis is generally not required for abutments within the geometric constraints noted in the Bridge Detailing Guide. Two pile group Consider a simple pile cap supported by two piles subjected to a vertical load. D is the effective depth of the pile-cap and is expressed in mm. CAD Templates. Precast concrete panels are erected first, followed by the placement and compaction of a layer of backfill. Secant pile walls are formed by constructing intersecting reinforced concrete piles. 05 Revit shop drawing Reinforcement Pilecap with Column Pile cap Rebar - Duration: 40:43. FM 5-134 (2) Steel piles. Title: Design of Reinforcement for Pile Caps. CRSI (Concrete Reinforcing Steel Institute). Pile Cap + 2. 425 reinforcement. How a pile supports its load by Abbott, Hunley, 1881- [from old catalog]. The Roger Bullivant pre-cast pile was chosen partly because of the ground conditions which generally suited a displacement piling solution and partly because of the huge range of sizes, reinforcement configurations, jointing details and segment lengths, all of which minimises waste and maximises value-engineering. The cast concrete pile cap distributes the load of the building into the piles. steel piling shown. Where soil conditions justify the use of a safe load of 35 tons per pile, the same pile spac- ing and cap reinforcement may be used as are shown for the 30-ton pile caps, increasing only the thickness of the cap in accordance with the table given on page 39. to pile caps. analysis of the inertial response of the structure to the pile cap input motions (from step. The pile tops may be trimmed to ensure they are at the same height. 3 shows a pile cap and one of the Mega-piles. Trench Foundation Detail. uniform section circular pipe pile with a minimum wall thickness. REINFORCEMENT 13. d is the depth of the pile-cap; Pile Cap Reinforcement Detailing. on spacing of reinforcement as detailed and the moment envelope obtained from structural analysis • good detailing of reinforcement will – restrict the crack width to within acceptable tolerances as specified in the codes and – reduce future maintenance cost of the building. Pilecap Design is a spreadsheet for the design and detailing of reinforced concrete pilecaps. PILE CAP—A structural member placed on the tops of piles and used to distribute loads from the structure to the piles. Manual for Design and Detailing of Reinforced Concrete to the September 2013 Code of Practice for Structural Use of Concrete 2013 2. Actually no particular theory or method is perfect for pile cap design. Any additional top and/or. 34" plywood cut to fit pile profile. But in STM approach punching shear cannot be checked directly. Rangarajan Sir design of pile cap. 01 and such reinforcement shall extend into the pile at least two times the length required for embedment into the pile cap. into the cap. This chapter also includes a general overview of the AASHTO provisions for dimensioning and detailing pile caps and recommended reinforcement layouts. Do I need to do any further if it is showing "only minimum steel is require"? Which results I mainly need to mention in Report to show my whole pile and pile cap design is safe? concrete take off don't show steel reinforcement and how can I see reinforcement detail of concrete slab?. Piles shall be extended only with details shown on the Project Plans. The Pile Cap Detail Report includes comprehensive images of the pile cap geometry and reinforcement design of the pile cap, pedestal, and piles: The Pile Cap Detail Report contains the design checks for each pile’s compressive and tensile capacity against the demand force. The reinforcement for the piles shall be according to the requirement of the specification and the design of the pile. But please check the attached family with this post. Settlements and tilting are obvious. 4 h25 top & 4 h25 bottom. construction of deep water pile and pile cap of a bridge on the river Halda at Chittagong-Hathazari-Rangamati Highway. Pile Cap Design Approach. The focuse is also on the detailing of pile caps for diferent numbers of piles (2, 3 and 4) in the foundation. Symons sleeve. The pile used is 500mm diameter reinforced concrete bored pile with service load capacity of 1800kN. 1 Requirements in Eurocode 2 57 4. 3D RC detailing. Pile Cap Design Excel Sheet It usually forms part of the foundation of a building, typically a multi-story building, structure or support base for heavy equipment. cast in place @ ends. The contains comprehensive technical. 05 Revit shop drawing Reinforcement Pilecap with Column Pile cap Rebar - Duration: 40:43. How a pile supports its load by Abbott, Hunley, 1881- [from old catalog]. Pile Cap Modeling and Design Parameters Assignment. 4) applies to the direction of the span (long bars). This Pin was discovered by structuraldetails store. Design the pile cap using grade C35/45 concrete, grade 500 steel reinforcement and concrete cover 75mm. The construction of Pile Caps needs as much skill as the construction of Deep Pile Foundation. Three different vertical factored loads are considered, along with. Pile Cap Design • Automated pile arrangement calculated according to BOCA standard • Provision to include manual pile arrangement • Display of individual pile reaction • Design pile caps as per ACI-02 Slab on Grade Design • Reinforcement layout grid can be set up along the actual reinforcement direction. Introduction. The as - driven centroid of load of any pile group at cutoff elevation shall be within 5% of the plan location of the designed centroid of load. The pile head at cutoff elevation shall be within 50 mm of plan locations for bent caps supported by piles, and shall be within 150mm of plan locations for all piles capped below final grade. Click the Image for Low-Res Preview. Published online: 15 Apr 2008. Piles must have the capacity to take the applied shear that is generated by the lateral loads. When a pile cap is designed by truss analogy , 80% of the tension reinforcement is concentrated in the region where the cap is supported on piles and at the column, which depends on design moments. casting a loading jack within a test pile itself are described in detail; and offer two approaches: in the first, an additional reaction pile is located below the test pile, installed at the same time as the test pile but to a greater depth, and the second is a method of analysis of the test results from a conventional bi-directional loading test. Fig 3: Pile cap type 1. ) as described to the least radius of gyration(r). Piles are vertically inside the ground. The piles provide vertical support for the bridge. 3(4) and shall be measured from the face of the exterior (soil) side of the wall to the center of the vertical reinforcement. Reinforcement projects from the top of the pile to form a strong connection with a pile cap or ground beam. # scale: sizematerial date: 8 business parkway brunswick, me 207-725-4878 www.
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